The pullman strike of 1894 was a milestone in american labor history, as the widespread strike by railroad workers brought business to a standstill until the federal government took unprecedented action to end the strike president grover cleveland ordered federal troops to crush the strike and . In june of 1893, at the beginning of yet another depression, fifty railroad workers met in chicago to form the american railway union before that, the only trade unions on the railroads had been the various brotherhoods, a separate one for each of the main occupations in railroading the . The pullman workers went on strike to protest their exploitation and to force the company to treat them more fairly at the national convention of the newly formed american railway union (aru), they asked for the assistance from members working for other companies.
During march and april of 1894 a majority of pullman workers joined the american railway union (aru), which was growing due to a recent successful strike against the great northern railroad the aru had nearly 150,000 members and allowed all white men who worked for a railroad company to join. The aru had great influence among the workers who operated trains to put pressure on pullman, the union got trainmen to refuse to run trains on which pullman sleeping cars were attached this seriously disrupted the american railroad service, and railroad executives got nervous. The american railway union generated wide interest and support among the rail workers of north america pitted against the pullman company in what was to become .
Debs organized the american railway union, which waged a strike against the pullman company of chicago in 1894 and begun organizing an industrial union of railroad workers, the american . The 1894 pullman strike pullman company laid off workers, cut pullman workers to join the american railway union (aru) early in 1894. Pullman workers gradually started returning to work, and by august 2 the pullman palace car company was up and running again for all their efforts and sacrifices, the workers never got any of the concessions they had fought for, and union activity remained effectively illegal for several more years. The american railway union’s unsuccessful strike against the pullman palace car company in 1894 left many workers without jobs not only did the company take on hundreds of new workers in place of the strikers, but total employment in the shops dropped on august 17, 1894, the desperate and . During march and april, 1894, a majority of the workers at pullman joined a new organization called the american railway union, which had started at the beginning of the depression the pullman employees, although not railroad workers, were able to join because pullman owned a few miles of railroad, and anyone who worked for a railroad company .
Workers joined the american railway union, pullman ranked 56th among united states corporations in the value of the railroad and the pullman company , as well . The assets were sold to pullman company, ltd (english pullman) about 1906 was called by the american railway union headed by eugene debs steel workers of . On may 11, 1894 one of the greatest battles in american labor history erupted as employees of the pullman palace car company walked off of their jobs to protest wage cuts when eugene v debs and the american railway union took up their cause with a national boycott of trains with pullman cars attached , the strike went nationwide . June 20, 1893 workers founded the american railway union to unite railway labor in a single organization eugene debs was the leader sept 1893-may 1894 the pullman works reduced wages, on the average by 25 percent, while not lowering rents in company houses.
The pullman strike leader of the american railway union at the time of the 1894 pullman factory strike, makes a speech later in life during one of his five campaigns for president as the . The growth of debs' american railway union was spectacular firemen, engineers, conductors, switchmen, section hands, maintenance men, many of them afl craft union members, others with no other union to turn to, flocked to the aru. When angry workers complained, the owner, george pullman, had them fired they decided to strike, and other workers for the american railway union, led by the firebrand activist eugene v debs .
When wage cuts hit, 4,000 workers staged a strike that pitted the american railway union vs the pullman company and the federal government the strike and boycott against trains triggered a nationwide transportation nightmare for freight and passenger traffic. In 1894 the model town of pullman became the storm center for one of the classic labor struggles in american social history what began as a revolt of the pullman shops employees against wage cuts and oppressive company practices, escalated into a national railway workers' boycott directed against t. The economic depression of 1893 had an enormous effect on the pullman palace car company following the economic depression company increased its working hours, and cut down on jobs and wages these workers had the support of american railway union, therefore, launched the strike on may 11, 1894, under the leadership of the eugene v debs . This boycott grew in number of participants and in severity and became one of the most serious labor revolts in american history involving both the pullman workers and eventually the american railway union led by eugene debs.